The soft Chili fruits are harvested both ripe and unripe. The seeds and center ribs are removed to reduce the severity level of the spice. Chilies and chili powder are often used to add extra kick in Asian, Thai, Latin American, Mexican and Caribbean cuisine.
Chilies, also called hot peppers, are originally from South America and are descended from the Bird Pepper, or Tepin chili. Today chillies are grown all over the world.
The hottest chili in the world:
The Capsicum is considered the hottest chili species with a capsaicin concentration of over 2% and 300,000 Scoville units. The Red Savina Habanero set a world record with a measured value of more than 577,000 Scoville units - incredibly spicy!
see Anne Iburg "Dumont little spice encyclopedia", Eggolsheim, Dörfler Verlag GmbH